Archives for category: U.S. History

TRUMP – HOW DID WE GET HERE?

“We can either have democracy in this country or we can have great wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can’t have both.” 

  • Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis

How did we get here? There recently was a Trump White House rose garden celebration to inform us that a bill passed that will make healthcare “beautiful”. Then we learned that 24 million people would be cut from healthcare with this bill.

But wait a minute. A bill was not passed! It only squeaked by the House of Representatives by four votes. It still needed a majority vote by the Senate. How did we get here?

In 1984, George Orwell wrote, “ . . .the claim of the Party to have improved the conditions of life had got to be accepted . . .” Are we living through a dystopia? How did we get here? There’s more. Much more.

We were told that a Trump Administration would end the cycle of endless wars. Then U.S. Aegis destroyers launched 60 cruise missiles into Syria. This was followed by the military, which seems to have carte blanche from this administration, dropping an enormous bomb, the biggest short of nuclear, in Afghanistan. How did we get here?

Let’s follow this last point with a dollop of latter-day 20th century history. It was the Carter (D) Administration (late 1970s) that helped arm terrorists to overthrow what was then a nascent socialist government in Afghanistan. Oh yeah, who was the leader of those Afghan terrorists? The Saudi Osama Ben Laden.

In the 1980s, the Reagan Administration (R) gleefully picked up the flow of money and arms to terrorists. The USA sold missiles to an extreme religious, ultranationalist government in Iran. Yes, it was illegal. Using those monies, the CIA funded another group of thugs in Nicaragua to overthrow a socialist orientated government there.

Reagan’s Vice-President, George Bush senior (R), said we had to break the “Vietnam Syndrome”, meaning the peace strivings of our citizens in the USA. As president, he led the first, modern day, full-blown military invasion (1990-1) of the Mideast. That was Iraq War I.

President Bill Clinton (D) picked up the baton with the war (mid-1990s) in the Balkans and the break up of socialist Yugoslavia. Gas pipelines were part of the prize there. Entering the new millennia, George Bush junior (R) pushed for yet another war in Iraq. The facade was torn away. It was blood for oil – Iraq War II.

You may have noticed fossil fuels, along with generating failed state scenarios, pop up quite often in our history. It has deep roots. Let’s go to the other side of the 20th century.

In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s vice-president Henry Wallace (D) was pushing for peace with the Soviet Union following the defeat of fascism in WWII. He called for “a Century of the Common Man.” Those who wanted “An American Century” had other ideas.

In the same year, oil millionaire and Democratic Party Treasurer Edwin Pauley muscled Harry Truman into the vice-presidency. When FDR died in April of 1945, Truman, not Wallace, assumed the presidency. The “bomb”, the Cold War, and imperialist policies of “An American Century” followed.

In 1953, the CIA engineered the overthrow of Mossadegh in Iran. Why? He was leading the charge to nationalize the oil fields there. The hated and empowered Shah (king) proceeded to destroy the progressive Left. So when the Iranian people revolted in 1979, their choice of who would take power was restricted. Thus extreme right wing religious elements took power.

Why does it seem Mid-Eastern countries have such constrained choices between dictators, religious fanatics and/or terrorists? Because, as the Iran example shows, imperialists worked overtime to destroy any Left progressive parties.

That “story” was repeated throughout the Mid-East. The latest example was the rebellion in Egypt. With the left repressed and too small to be an effective organizational force on the national scene, right-wing military elements took over.

Back to the 1990s.

A peace dividend was to flow from the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s. The military alliances, the Warsaw Pact and NATO, would dissolve. The War Saw Pact did. NATO? Imperialism, from a position of strength, did the opposite. NATO remained and expanded. Led by U.S. imperialism, we have the Iraq and Afghanistan wars outlined above. Libya happened. Now add the chaos in Yemen, Somalia, and Syria. More “failed states” to come?

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John Wojcik, editor of the Peoples World and vice-president of the Labor Journalists Association, was in Berlin recently. On a car trip to see a friend, he saw vehicles going at warp speed on an adjoining highway. They were U.S. tanks. Where were they going? To the border of Lithuania and Russia.

So we have two nuclear powers facing each other as tensions grow between the USA and Russia.

With Donald Trump (R) in the presidency, we have a situation even more dangerous than the Truman (D) presidency of yore. Steve Bannon et al have Rex Tillerson, former (yeah right) CEO of Exxon/Mobil, directly in the seat of Secretary of State. More blood for oil will surely follow without a growing and massive peace contingent in the Resisitance movement.

George Orwell, in 1984, also added, “ . . . war becomes literally continuous.” With proto-fascists prowling the White House, the dysfunction (fascism loves chaos) can morph into our children and grandchildren living through a dystopia with us. We can’t let it happen.

IMPEACH TRUMP!

RESIST!!!

P.S. You may have noticed much chaos being reported out of Venezuela. Its developing socialist government has the largest oil reserves in the world.

 

 

My Grandmother’s Radio

My maternal grandmother’s radio was a fascination of my beginning years in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Out of this mysterious box, which was about as big as I was, came “The Lone Ranger Rides Again” and “The Shadow Knows.” I waited every night with bated breath, as if on a magic carpet, to be swept away on some surprise adventure.

Like some creepy Cyclops, the radio had a single eye. It seemed to follow me no matter what corner in our living room I attempted to hide. My gosh, the eye even turned colors!

We were the beneficiaries of this wonderful entertainment because my grandparents were living with us. One day I asked my Mom why they didn’t have a house of their own. After all, I was always told of their business acumen. They had owned a small shoe store. I got a two-word answer. “The Depression.” It was followed by, “They lost everything.”

I grasped the answer easily. I had the evidence in front of me. My grandparents once had a large house on the south side of Waterbury, Connecticut. Now, they lived in one room of our rented apartment in the working class north end. Economics 101. Easy.

 

What I came to know gradually over decades is that both my grandmother and that radio held some other important historical lessons. For more context let’s zoom ahead to 2006.

I was fortunate to be in Oxford, England for a gathering of science educators from all over the world. My wife and I met a Japanese couple whom we exchanged life stories. We were riveted to the woman’s story from her youth.

Tiffany was kept in an interment camp during WWII. She did not dwell on it but the stories made a lasting impact on me. (Don’t miss the impact of the camps on a crew member of the Starship Enterprise https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LeBKBFAPwNc   ) My mind drifted to my grandmother, an immigrant of Italy.

In the early 1940s, I’m told secret service agents visited our home. They confirmed my grandmother’s immigrant status. The agents then proceeded to solder a section of the radio’s dial that could pull in foreign signals. Apparently they were concerned Mussolini’s fascist diatribes would reach our families ears. I can imagine my grandmother’s horror and dismay. Did she feel responsible for the chaos and invasive action of those agents?

What those agents didn’t know was that my grandmother was apolitical. She once implied that the Kaiser (See previous blog.) was the reason she left Italy. That’s it. I don’t recall another political utterance.

The latest immigrant scapegoats are followers of Islam and Mexicans. Protecting them is one aspect of save-guarding the constitutional rights of all of us.

The husband of that Japanese couple is, besides a botanist and educator, an accomplished plant photographer. We received a wonderful gift from him. It was a picture of a series of flowers.

Every time my eyes glance at that photograph, I also see Tiffany and sense some of the indignities experienced in those camps. I see my grandmother. Then the millions trying to escape the ravages of war and climate change from Africa, Syria, and points eastward, come into view.

Can we call ourselves human beings if we just continue with our daily lives in face of these human and environmental disasters? Do we sit idly by while a sad and dangerous character, who wants to promulgate all these, walks the halls of the White House?

That’s the misogynist who says he doesn’t believe in climate change as if science was a belief and not about data and theories that congeal out of that data. Climatologists don’t believe in anthropogenic climate change. They accept the inferences that flow from data. The burning of fossil fuels is causing rapid climate disturbances.

Yet the President of the United States does not believe in climate change. In the background, I hear Pete Seeger singing, “When will they ever learn.”

There are many marches and demonstrations now in our country. It’s not just what people know, it’s how quickly they will come to know and act on that knowledge. Much to do.

Generals, billionaires, along with the Alt-Right, are marching into the administration of our country. Smelling the political air, this essay made its way to the surface.

Running With Iron Heels

This past spring I was camping and hiking in the Taconic range with a good friend. We walked and talked while soaking in the beautiful terrain of those green mountains.

Such excursions are important. They transport us physically. They also transport us mentally. The humdrum of everyday life fades as rolling hills and valleys come into view.

We are lucky in Connecticut. Beautiful, green woodlands, rivers, and an ocean surround us. We can choose the company of beautiful, caring people.

What can slip by almost unnoticed is that others are out there. They have a different view of what surrounds us. They see ugly everywhere.

African Americans are shot down, with regularity, in our streets. Some see injustice, others see genetics. Some see the continuance of hundreds of years of oppression and struggle. Others let fear consume them.

Fossil fuel pipelines ram through lands, from New England to Indian sacred spaces. Some see centuries of stealing land, religious violations, environmental degradation, and fight-back. Others see maintaining a lifestyle. More dangerously, the 0.1% sees major profits threatened with protests of the former.

Bombs are dropped an ocean away. People migrate. Some see state terror, a humanitarian disaster, and struggle. Some hear only “terrorists” and seek revenge.

People see, and maybe feel, these differences. The “others” handle them in different ways. A peek into our family’s 20th century histories may elucidate some of this. Let’s try mine.

In 1907, two sets of people made there way from the Apennine mountain range above Naples, Italy, to the USA. One, the Ciarlone’s, had a business orientation. The other, the Iannielli’s, was among the vast peasantry of those times. In relative order, the Scarpitti’s and Summa’s completed each set of the pairings. Children arrived, eight to be exact, from each pairing. Included among those offspring were my parents.

Why did my grandparents leave their homeland? After all, it’s not an easy do. Ever get that uncomfortable feeling when away from the familiarity of home? That sense of place comes into play. No. Not easy.

As a youngster, I asked that question. My maternal grandmother gave me a hint with a wonderful Italian inflection and waving an open hand in the air. It consisted of two words. “The Kaiser!”

That two-word answer and the move across the big pond took a bit of time to grasp in any full way. My experiences on the home front during the U.S. War in Vietnam helped. (For more on those experiences see

https://www.createspace.com/4330714

 

Later I got an assist from famed biologist Stephen Jay Gould. Here’s what I learned.

Before World War I (1914-1918), Vernon L. Kellogg was an entomologist (insects) at Stanford University, California, a pacifist; he became an official in Belgian relief work. In this capacity, he somehow ended up being among the German high command, including the Kaiser. Wilhelm II was the last Emperor (Kaiser) of Germany and King of Prussia (Parts of Germany and much land heading eastward).

Many of the German officers were involved in higher education before the war. They saw the war as a natural outgrowth of human behavior. These officers saw natural selection, a la Charles Darwin and evolution, as dictating violent competition among peoples.

The group of people representing the highest evolutionary stage, in their minds Germans, would prevail. Kellogg was so sufficiently horrified that he abandoned pacifism and supported the war against Germany as the only way, in his considered opinion, to stop them.

What Kellogg stumbled on here is one of the best examples of the perversion of evolutionary theory. It resulted in a crude form of social Darwinism. In other words, war erupts from our DNA.

We now know that redivision of the world for colonial plunder was a driving force for both sides of those wretched trenches. In other words follow the money, or better, the profits. When normal politics could not settle differences, war followed.

History had more to unfold, especially in Germany. In the years following World War I, much of the above crude social Darwinism became incorporated into Nazi ideology with a vengeance. That ideology, mixed with racism, ran amuck with extreme nationalism.

The Nazi Party actually started in the mountains of Germany in the 1920s. They nurtured a crude form of nationalism born of the disaster of WWI, social Darwinism, and with a questing religious fervor. The crash of 1929, unemployment and disgust with “big” government brought them into the cities and looking for a savior. They found Adolf Hitler and bankers willing to solve problems with an iron heel. WWII followed.

 

There is a fundamental difference in the mindset of the groupings of people mentioned at the beginning of this writing. Some hope to peacefully and thoughtfully grabble with war, racism, environmental degradation, and the injustice of it all. Others? They run with iron heels.

Politically, one outlook says let’s protest nonviolently, dialogue, and peacefully negotiate. The others say let’s protest violently, take people off voter roles, and stomp on those fighting injustice with that iron heel, including the use police/military force.

The iron heels, the fascist axis that took state power in Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1920s and 1930s, were defeated in WWII. Its cost was 60 million lives and many fragmented ones. But hints that the outlook guiding those iron heel states had penetrated the USA were around us. The twin ideological weapons of fascism were at work.

The Soviet Union, an ally and friend during WWII, quickly became labeled an enemy, then later an evil empire. Anyone remotely associated with the recent ally was considered part of the “red menace” and a spy. U.S. State institutions pursued communists with a vengeance as well as others interested in peace and social justice.

Japanese living in the USA, and Japanese Americans, were treated differently from German and Italian immigrants. Internment camps were set up. (Don’t miss this! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LeBKBFAPwNc ) African Americans remained under intense segregation, with lynchings and other violence visited upon them.

 

Let’s go back to bucolic Connecticut. We bathe in the suave of greenness. We need the caressing arms of nature. We need the company of caring people. The point here is that we can’t get lost in it.

We have to engage other outlooks. Some don’t want the iron heel approach to solve problems but don’t see the danger. We need to revisit the 1920s and 1930s, and shake out the causes, and lessons, of WWII.

There is hope all around us. We do have to take the time to see it. I met a welder recently who had drawn healthy lessons from her work experiences. She adamantly opposed Trump.

A fisherman once told me, “they make you not want to care.” This woman went in the opposite direction. She cares. My hiking friend ventured to Ohio to block Trump mania. We have to find bits of caring among our people and help develop a willingness to fight for caring core values.

We are going to need to put that caring into action. Too many times we didn’t do that when the Obama Administration, and also peoples’ movements, made forward-looking decisions e.g. halting the X-L Pipeline. When that same administration brought backward proposals to the table, as they did in Libya, Syria and elsewhere, a confusion and paralysis followed.

Ask yourself, “What do I care about?” Then ask yourself, “How do I show it?” It means getting outside of our comfort zone.

Here’s two ways. Go out and talk to those who did not vote, those who voted for Trump, and those coming of voting age. Use history, especially intertwined with personal stories, in a calm explanatory way. Then gather with like-minded friends and those who are learning.

We need to walk the talk.

P.S. My Grandmother (Scarpitti/Ciarlone) didn’t totally escape the discrimination meted out during WWII. More on that with the next blog.

It was a disastrous election. There’s no doubt about it. We need to make sense out of the mess in order to move forward. Here’s just a beginning.

The Rs pursued a classic tactic. As soon as Barack Obama was elected in 2008, they declared noncooperation. Massive gridlock followed. These reactionary forces then pointed to Washington D.C. and said, “See. It isn’t working.”

The Rs pursued more antidemocratic approaches. They set up the American Legislative Action Committee (ALEC) and moved at the grassroots and state-level. Taking people of color off voting roles was a major weapon nationally.

There are names that go along with all this. John Piscopo, State assemblyman from Thomaston, Ct, is a former president of ALEC. Assemblywoman Rosa Rebimbas of Naugatuck, Ct, scrupulously followed the ALEC agenda to the tune of a 55% voting record on the environment.

The political agenda had ideological components. Talk radio led the way. A visiting nurse from Watertown, Ct, told me that, “Obama lives in a black house.” Anyone supporting the environment was called an “elite.” And on and on the racism and anti-environmentalism went.

T.V. supplied Donald Trump with ample exposure, no matter how negative. A CNN executive admitted that Trump was good for “ratings.” Ex CIA, ex FBI, and retired generals supplied an analysis that justified every USA invasion and bombing run. Talk radio supplied vile Islamophobia and anti-Mexican rhetoric.

While Hilary won Ct, Trump’s vote total here was 2% higher than Romney’s in 2012. That kind of erosion probably cost State Senator Dante Bartolomeo her election to reactionary Leonard Suzio (R) by 300 votes. Bartolomeo had a 100% voting record on the environment and was very good on union issues.

Now, some rays of sunshine. Myrna Watanabe (D) challenged reactionary John Piscopo (R) for his State Assembly seat. She lost but in the process raised a very progressive agenda, including on the environment.

Maine won ranked choice voting. For example, you could vote for the Green Party. If no candidate wins a majority of votes, in a second round of voting your second candidate choice comes into play with the two top vote-getters. LePage (R), the Tea Party Governor, would never have been elected under this system. (See http://www.fairvotemaine.org)

Lastly, all us gray hairs have to pass on to the Millennials what happened in those rock & roll years of the early 1970s. Richard Nixon (R) won reelection by a landside in 1972. I well remember the impeachment march through downtown Waterbury, Ct, in 1973. Nixon was driven out of office in August of 1974.

Pass it on.

 

I almost stopped writing this blog as the awful event in Orlando, Florida emerged in the news. I decided to push forward. Militarism is part of the complex web of problems that we need to address in our country. This blog addresses a piece of that and offers a small beginning of a solution.

KILLERS AMONG US

It’s 1943. The allied invasion to wrest Italy from the grips of fascism is underway. Communist-led partisans have neutralized some of Mussolini’s minions. Germany has sent its troops to keep Italy in the fascist loop.

A Canadian infantryman encounters a German soldier who is in a sitting position in a goat hut. The infantryman hears words from the enemy combatant, at first inaudible, then clearer. The German wants vasser, water. He is wounded. Was it a rouse? What to do?

The Canadian’s head swirls with a rush of tangled thoughts. Should he whip the carbine off his back and finish what war has already done to this human being? His body shook with emotion. He slowly reaches for his canteen, chuck full of rum, and hands it to the German. In a short time, the wounds prove deadly.

Famed naturalist to-be Farley Mowat was that Canadian military man. After the war he would find himself in the far north of Canada where he would run with wolves and get to know and appreciate Inuit Native People culture. He would share with us those experiences with other beings on the tundra through many natural history books.

He had much time to reflect on his military experiences. Fortunately, he also shared the chaos and pathos of war through his little known book, And No Birds Sang.

Let’s go back even further in time. It’s March of 1780. A group of young men, mostly from the Gunntown area of the Naugatuck Valley, Connecticut, are sitting at the Whittemore Inn in Chusetown (Seymour). In the next hour they would be recruited by a secret British agent. Four days later, they would be the shock troops to raid the house of patriot Ebenezer Dayton of Bethany. They would terrorize the Dayton family and make off with a bevy of stolen goods.

The most gung-ho, to use the modern phrase, of this motley gang was the cousins, David and Henry Wooster. Along their escape route, they participated in the kidnapping of a young colonial, Chauncey Judd, who was from a patriotic family. Both cousins were from rabid loyalist families. It would be the irony.

When the Tory gang reaches the banks of the Long Meadow Brook in Gunntown, the British agent decided to kill their captive. But lo, wait; it was none other than the Wooster boys who literally put their bodies in front of the Queen’s gun. They successfully stayed the execution of the young colonial. Their humanity, in spite of their distain for the Judd family and the revolutionary movement, burst forth.

History is replete with stories, like the two above, where the courage to do the right thing bubbles to the surface amid the chaos of war and civil strife. The one I am about to relate is not one of them.

It’s February 25, 1969, Thanh Phong, Vietnam. Navy Seals are on the hunt for a Viet Cong leader. They encounter a hut occupied by three young children and their grandparents. The Seals kill them all using knives so as not to give away their position. More civilians were killed in the main village including 13 children and a pregnant woman.

The leader of this wanton killing spree was Bob Kerrey. The report would read 21 Vietcong were killed. It was a completely false report. Kerrey would be awarded a Bronze Star and the Congressional Medal of Honor. He would, in part, bounce off his participation in the U.S. War in Vietnam to become Governor of Nebraska and a U.S. Senator, now retired.

Kerrey did not divulge this atrocity until a media report was about to do so in 2001. He claimed no direct participation in the killing. That also was a lie. Two members of the Seal team revealed he was directly involved in the killing of a grandfather. Kerrey also gave the order to kill the civilians in the larger village. A survivor, Bui Thi Luom, has corroborated their entire account (NYTimes 6/3/16).

Some say this was different. It was a time of war. The Seals had very little time. They were following orders. All these excuses were debunked during the Nuremberg trails (http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nuremberg-trials) after World War II. Nazi leaders, as well as guards of concentration camps, were sent to prison or worse. They are still being hunted down and as are those who were involved in atrocities in Serbia, Ivory Coast, and elsewhere.

There’s more. To my knowledge Navy Seals were not drafted. They volunteered. Now Bob Kerrey has been appointed Chairman of the board of Fulbright University, Vietnam. Unconscionable? That is to say the least.

Like Lieutenant Calley of the infamous My Lai massacre (http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/calley-charged-for-my-lai-massacre), Vietnam, these killers are walking among us. While former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and those of his Ilk, are culpable for the U.S. War in Vietnam, those in the field are as well. Officer’s expressions of moral injury should not let them get away with murder. Soldiers who genuinely need help with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and moral injury should get all the help they need to recover. That’s not what we are considering here.

There is an important connection to the present. For decades, George Bush Senior has been an advocate of putting the U.S. War in Vietnam behind us. He calls it the “Vietnam syndrome”, which is basically our peoples’ reluctance for military solutions at every turn. He wants a free hand for U.S. imperialism to run rough shod over countries that will not follow the dictates of the fossil fuel boys. Iraq War #1, Desert Storm, put this thesis to work. The other side of that coin is to protect killers from the past and to shield new ones being nurtured by the military.

To a certain extent, the Bushes et al have been successful. The peace movement has been mainly mute, as pictures of heads rolling off bodies have spooked young and old. The mass murders in Florida, Paris, and elsewhere have added to the paralysis. Meanwhile the civilian casualties of U.S. militarism in the Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan also pile up enraging populations there, particularly young people.

If we can’t confront these skirmishes from past, with the Bob Kerrey case an example, how can we ever stop the madness now? Are we to leave the solutions to the Trumps of the world? That would be the path of xenophobia, racism, war, and genocide abroad and repression at home. Sound familiar? (More on this in Killers Among Us – Part II)

Demand that Bob Kerrey (Here & Now – Some Vietnamese recall Bob Kerrey’s… | Facebo

be removed as chairman of the Fulbright University in Vietnam. He needs to have a fair trail with innocence presumed, as is our law. Let justice flow from there. We all need it.

Now we need the discussion to flow here. What are your thoughts?

 

 

 

My latest book, HURRY DOWN GUNNTOWN (May 2015 https://www.createspace.com/5385780) involves a specific fight to save land. But there is a broader theme that connects it to colonial days of yore. In just a thousand words, let’s explore the theme of freedom and human dignity in a historical context that connects these struggles to the USA today.

March, 1780. A British secret agent slips into the Naugatuck Valley of Connecticut. He recruits a Tory gang to raid the home of a privateer hired by the revolutionary government. After the raid, they make their way into the Gunntown neighborhood of Waterbury. By happenstance, they kidnap a young colonial because he recognizes members of the gang. Rebel trackers are on their trail. The chase is joined.

What possibly could any of this have to do with a 20th/21st century struggle to preserve land? Further, what could it possibly have in common with other environmental battles e.g. fossil fuel pollution, gas pipelines, climate change? Plenty. Here are the connections.

Why would any commoners be so committed as to change their daily routine instantly, leave their families, and join the chase of a dangerous Tory gang that terrorized a family in Bethany, Connecticut? Actually, before April of 1775 and events at Lexington and Concord, they probably wouldn’t have been moved by it. Many were loyalists, particularly in the Gunntown neighborhood of Waterbury. Blacksmiths for example, depended on trade with the mother country for metals.

On the other hand, Revolutionaries were talking about freeing the slaves. This was a direct threat to slave owning families like the Scovills and the Gunns of Waterbury. They remained loyal to the Crown.
There were other events that shook the everyday life of commoners. The British burned Danbury in April of 1777. This was getting close to “home.” These events were augmented by onerous British policies like the impressment of colonists into the Royal British navy. This was an instant involuntary military draft. Young people were grabbed, literally off the streets, and sent for years to serve British imperial interests. (For a cinematic representation of this policy, see the old film Mutiny On The Bounty, 1962).
The list of grievances had been growing during the revolutionary period well before the outbreak of hostilities. An armed struggle ensued. The raid of the Dayton house in Bethany, and the subsequent kidnapping of a young colonial in Gunntown, were symptoms of the intense civil strife within the colonies, especially in border states like Connecticut.

The pursuing of the Tory gang and freeing of the kidnapped boy became a defense of the revolution itself. It was the sloughing off of the tyrannical British King and being ruled from afar. It was a struggle for freedom and human dignity.

But just as the revolution began well before the war for independence, the struggle for freedom and human dignity continued after the victory at Yorktown in 1783. The revolutionary government declared that there would be no king what-so-ever. There were revolutionary repercussions throughout the world.

Was that the end of the struggle for freedom and human dignity? Not by a long shot. Slavery was still intact. Within the bowels of the antislavery movement came the abolitionists. They pursued, not only freedom for the slaves, but equal rights for all. The 1840s and 1850s saw this revolutionary movement gain steam. After the Civil War, it found further expression in the many freed slaves occupying state legislatures in the South.
In the late 1870s, reaction again gained the upper hand. The KKK terrorized African Americans. Lynchings became commonplace. Even during this retrograde period, strivings for freedom burst forth in the form of the women’s movement for the vote. None other than Fredrick Douglass, eminent abolitionist and freedom fighter, saw the potential of this movement for human dignity of all people. The women’s right to vote was won in 1920.
Labor unions burst on the scene in a big way in the 1920s and 1930s. By the 1950s, a third of workers belonged to a union. Due to unionization, workers prospered. Many working families transitioned from rental property to single family homes. Their children now had some access to higher education.

But progress is not a pure enterprise. The lynchings and separation of African Americans and whites continued in the south. Both black and white realized no one could live in freedom and human dignity while these conditions prevailed. It took the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s to begin applying a turniquet to the abuses. The “whites only signs” came tumbling down.

As in the previous two centuries, freedom and human rights movements continued to burst forth in new ways. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 added a new dimension to peace strivings. The U.S. War in Vietnam spawned the peace movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. The production and wanton use of chemicals gave birth to a reinvigorated green movement in the 1950s and 1960s. It helped give a deeper grasp of the situation when agent orange and napalm were used by the USA in Vietnam. Connections were being made.

Society, like nature, did not remain static. As throughout the Cold War, the Reagan Administration attacked unions in the 1980s. Membership plummeted. Attacks on the environment, ranging from fossil fuel hunting in the USA and abroad, escalated. War became a permanent feature of US policy. In the new millennia, Black males, hunted on our streets by racist police, has spawned the Black Lives Matter movement. Fast food workers are striking for better wages.

Just as there were those loyal to the Crown during the revolutionary period of the late 1700s, we have those loyal to the high priests of profit today. Let’s go right back to Connecticut. In May 2015, the state passed legislation for five dirty fossil fuel (gas) pipelines to be rammed through the state. Incredibly, a new dirty fossil fuel (gas) power plant is OK’d by the CT Siting Council for the Oxford/Naugatuck/Middlebury border. In response, CT has its own climate march on Sunday, May 31st. Will it and other actions be enough to reverse the pipeline and power plant decisions?

Climate change grudgingly became recognized as a threat, as over 400,000 marched and flooded NYC streets in 2014. It included many unions, peace, green, and social justice groups. Is the fight for freedom and human dignity reaching a new level? Are we entering a new revolutionary period? Are we already there?
Now it’s your turn. What is your answer to the questions of the previous two paragraphs? Are we there yet?